definin the problem

in defining your problem area, there is a three-step formula:

topic: i am studying…………
question: because i want to find out what/how/why ………………….
significance: in order to help my reader understand…………………..
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we can classify research as pure research and applied research. in pure research you are focusing on abstract ideas, conceptual study. this may or may not be used in practical life situations. on the other hand, applied research is based on practical problems.it may solve a specific problem in real life conditions.i think different approaches to doctoral study is both reasoning and result of this classification..

[the craft of research wayne booth,gregory colomb, joseph williams]